What Causes Lower Abdominal Pain in Females?

Lower abdominal pain in females can have various causes, some of which may include:

  1. Menstrual cramps: During menstruation, the uterus contracts to shed its lining, which can cause cramping and lower abdominal pain.
  2. Ovarian cysts: Fluid-filled sacs that can form on the ovaries, ovarian cysts may cause lower abdominal pain, especially if they rupture or become twisted (ovarian torsion).
  3. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): PID is an infection of the female reproductive organs, usually caused by sexually transmitted bacteria. It can lead to lower abdominal pain, along with other symptoms such as abnormal vaginal discharge and fever.
  4. Endometriosis: This condition occurs when the tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus, leading to inflammation and pain. Endometriosis can cause lower abdominal pain, particularly during menstruation.
  5. Urinary tract infections (UTIs): Infections of the urinary tract, such as a bladder infection (cystitis), can cause lower abdominal pain, along with urinary urgency, frequent urination, and a burning sensation during urination.
  6. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): IBS is a chronic gastrointestinal disorder that can cause abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel habits. Lower abdominal pain is a common symptom of IBS.
  7. Gastrointestinal disorders: Conditions such as gastritis, peptic ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and diverticulitis can cause lower abdominal pain.
  8. Ectopic pregnancy: When a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, typically in the fallopian tubes, it can lead to an ectopic pregnancy. Lower abdominal pain, along with vaginal bleeding and dizziness, may indicate an ectopic pregnancy, which is a medical emergency.
  9. Urinary stones: Formation of stones in the urinary system, such as kidney stones, can cause severe lower abdominal pain when the stones pass through the urinary tract.
  10. Ovarian cancer or other gynecological conditions: While less common, ovarian cancer and other gynecological conditions can cause lower abdominal pain as a symptom.

It’s important to remember that the causes of lower abdominal pain can vary, and it’s crucial to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. They can evaluate your symptoms, perform necessary tests, and provide proper guidance based on your specific situation.