What Causes Nosebleeds?

Nosebleeds, also known as epistaxis, can have several causes. Some common reasons for nosebleeds include:

  1. Dry air: Dry climates or heated indoor air can cause the nasal membranes to dry out and become more prone to bleeding.
  2. Nose picking: Frequent nose picking can damage the delicate blood vessels in the nose, leading to nosebleeds.
  3. Trauma: Any injury to the nose, such as a blow to the face or a nasal fracture, can cause bleeding.
  4. Allergies and sinusitis: Inflamed and irritated nasal passages due to allergies or sinus infections can lead to nosebleeds.
  5. Nasal irritation: Irritants like dust, smoke, strong odors, or chemical fumes can irritate the nasal passages and cause bleeding.
  6. Infections: Certain infections, such as the common cold or sinusitis, can cause nosebleeds.
  7. Nasal polyps: These are noncancerous growths that can develop in the nasal passages and cause nosebleeds.
  8. High blood pressure: Although uncommon, elevated blood pressure can occasionally contribute to nosebleeds.
  9. Blood disorders: Conditions that affect the blood’s ability to clot properly, such as hemophilia or von Willebrand disease, can make nosebleeds more frequent or severe.

If you experience frequent or prolonged nosebleeds, it’s advisable to consult a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation and diagnosis.