What Causes Piles?

Causes of Piles

Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are swollen and inflamed blood vessels in the rectal or anal area. The exact cause of piles is not fully understood, but several factors can contribute to their development:

  1. Increased pressure on the rectal area: Straining during bowel movements due to constipation or diarrhea, chronic coughing, heavy lifting, or prolonged sitting or standing can increase pressure on the rectal veins. This pressure can cause the blood vessels to swell and form piles.
  2. Chronic constipation or diarrhea: Frequent episodes of constipation or diarrhea can put strain on the rectal area, leading to the development of piles.
  3. Pregnancy: Piles are common during pregnancy due to increased pressure on the rectal veins caused by the growing uterus. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also contribute to the development of piles.
  4. Aging: The tissues supporting the veins in the rectal area can weaken with age, making them more susceptible to swelling and pile formation.
  5. Obesity: Excess weight and obesity can increase pressure on the rectal veins, increasing the risk of piles.
  6. Sedentary lifestyle: Lack of physical activity and prolonged periods of sitting or standing can contribute to the development of piles. Regular exercise and movement help improve blood circulation and reduce the risk of piles.
  7. Dietary factors: Low-fiber diets and inadequate fluid intake can lead to constipation, which can strain the rectal area and contribute to pile formation.
  8. Genetics: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to developing piles. If you have a family history of piles, you may be more likely to develop them.

It’s important to note that while these factors can contribute to the development of piles, individual experiences may vary. Adopting healthy lifestyle habits such as maintaining a balanced diet, staying physically active, managing bowel movements, and avoiding excessive straining can help reduce the risk of piles. If you experience persistent or severe symptoms of piles, it’s recommended to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

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