Which Disease is Caused by the Deficiency of Vitamin B5?

A deficiency of vitamin B5, also known as pantothenic acid, is rare in humans due to its widespread presence in many foods. However, a deficiency in vitamin B5 can lead to a condition known as pantothenic acid deficiency, which can cause a range of symptoms.

Symptoms of a vitamin B5 deficiency may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Insomnia
  • Muscle cramps
  • Paresthesia (tingling or numbness)
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • Respiratory distress
  • Skin abnormalities, such as dryness, burning, or itching

Severe deficiency of vitamin B5 is rare because this vitamin is widely available in various food sources, including meat, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, whole grains, and vegetables. Additionally, the body can synthesize pantothenic acid to some extent through the metabolism of other nutrients.

Pantothenic acid is a critical component of coenzyme A (CoA), which plays a vital role in various metabolic processes, including the synthesis of fatty acids, amino acids, and the citric acid cycle. It also contributes to the formation of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter.

If someone is suspected of having a vitamin B5 deficiency, healthcare providers may recommend dietary changes, supplementation, or addressing any underlying medical conditions that may be causing the deficiency. However, vitamin B5 deficiency is uncommon, and most people receive an adequate amount of this nutrient through their regular diet.