Meat: Benefits And Nutrition
Meat is the flesh or other edible parts of animals used for food, including not only the muscles and fat but also the tendons and ligaments. Humans have hunted and killed animals for meat since prehistoric times. It is edible raw, but is normally eaten after it has been cooked and seasoned or processed in a variety of ways. The advent of civilization allowed the domestication of animals such as chickens, rabbits, sheep, pigs and cattle. Unprocessed meat will spoil or rot within hours or days as a result of infection with and decomposition by bacteria and fungi.
Meat is a staple in many diets and a great source of protein and important nutrients. It is important in economy and culture, even though its mass production and consumption has been determined to pose some health benefits for human health. The animals are eventually led to their use in meat production on an industrial scale with the aid of slaughterhouses. The meat-products industry, though called meat packing, includes the slaughtering of animals. The steps in this process generally include stunning, bleeding, eviscerating, and skinning. Meat is important in economy and culture, even though its mass production and consumption has been determined to pose risks for human health and the environment.
The meat-products industry, though called meat packing, includes the slaughtering of animals. The steps in this process generally include stunning, bleeding, eviscerating, and skinning. The usual methods of preserving meat from bacteria and decay are refrigerating, freezing, curing, freeze-drying, and canning.
The most widely consumed meat is beef, the flesh of mature cattle that normally weigh from 450 to 540 kg i.e;1,000 to 1,200 pounds and relent between 55 and 60 percent of their weight in meat. Meat from lambs and sheep is produced on a much smaller scale than either beef or pork.
Benefits Of Eating Meat
Eating meat has several health benefits for muscle development, bone health, appetite, metabolism, inflammation and iron absorption:
- Many recent studies have shown that high-protein diets that include meat reduced appetite and increased metabolism, and promote fullness.
- Animal protein intake is eternally linked to increased muscle mass and reduced inflammation.
- Meat has better iron absorption capacity. It contains heme iron, which your body absorbs better than non-heme iron from plants.
- Animal protein may improve bone density, strength and stronger bones. The highest intake of animal protein had a 69% decreased risk of hip fractures.
The quality and quantity of usable meat depends on the animals plane of nutrition, i.e., whether it is over or starved. The composition of the diet, especially the amount of protein provided, is also an important factor regulating animal growth. Ruminants, which may digest cellulose, are better adapted to poor-quality diets, but their ruminal microorganisms degrade high-quality protein if supplied in excess.
Meat is mainly composed of water, protein, and fat. Meat is valued as a complete protein food containing all the 9 amino acids necessary for the human body. The fat of meat is a valuable source of energy and also influences the flavour, juiciness, and tenderness of the lean. Parts such as livers, kidneys, hearts, and other portions are excellent sources of vitamins and of essential minerals, easily digested by the human system.
Meat digests a bit slowly, but 95% of meat protein and 96% of the fat are digested. Fats tend to retard the digestion of other foods. Meat with a reasonable proportion of fat remains longer in the stomach, delaying hunger and giving stamina. Extractives in meat cause a flow of saliva and gastric juices, creating the desire to eat and ensuring ease of digestion.
- Unprocessed and properly cooked meat has many nutrients and may have some health benefits. If you enjoy eating meat, there is no compelling health or nutritional reason to stop.
- Eating high amounts of processed meat over a long period may increase the risk of many chronic diseases, such as heart disease and cancer.
- Meat provides us with iron, protein, and also one of the main sources of vitamin B12.
- Food hygiene is important when storing, preparing and cooking meat.
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