Which Deficiency Causes Anaemia?

Anemia can be caused by various factors, including nutritional deficiencies, chronic diseases, genetic disorders, and other medical conditions. However, one of the most common causes of anemia worldwide is iron deficiency.

Iron deficiency anemia occurs when the body doesn’t have enough iron to produce hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Without sufficient hemoglobin, red blood cells cannot effectively transport oxygen, leading to symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, pale skin, shortness of breath, dizziness, and cold hands and feet.

Iron deficiency can occur due to several reasons, including inadequate dietary intake of iron-rich foods (such as meat, poultry, fish, beans, and fortified cereals), poor absorption of iron from the diet (as seen in certain gastrointestinal disorders), increased iron requirements (such as during pregnancy or periods of rapid growth), and chronic blood loss (from conditions like menstruation, gastrointestinal bleeding, or certain medical treatments).

In addition to iron deficiency, anemia can also be caused by deficiencies in other nutrients essential for red blood cell production, including vitamin B12, folate (vitamin B9), and vitamin C. These nutrients play crucial roles in the synthesis of DNA and the maturation of red blood cells. Deficiencies in vitamin B12 and folate can lead to a type of anemia known as megaloblastic anemia, characterized by the production of abnormally large and immature red blood cells.

It’s essential to identify and treat the underlying cause of anemia to effectively manage the condition. If you suspect you have symptoms of anemia, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.