Yogurt: Types, Benefits, Nutrition and Risks

Yogurt is a dairy product that is made by fermenting milk with bacteria. Yogurt contains many beneficial bacteria that are good for your digestive system, such as Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus.

It has been around for about 4000 years, and it’s believed to have originated in the Middle East. There are many different types of yogurt, including Greek yogurt and strained yogurt.

The fermentation process produces lactic acid, which acts on the lactose in the milk, breaking it down into lactic acid and glucose. The lactic acid gives yogurt its sour taste and also its name – “yogurt” comes from the Turkish word “yoğurt” which means “to coagulate.”

Yogurt can be made from cow or goat milk. Yogurt was quickly identified as a health food for people who were lactose intolerant. Yogurt is used in many dishes such as raita.

Yogurt Preparation:

Making yogurt is a simple process. It can be done in a few easy steps.

  • First, take a small pot and fill it with milk.
  • Next, add some sugar or honey to the milk and heat it up on low to medium heat until the milk starts to boil.
  • Next, turn off the stove and let it cool down for about 5 minutes or until it reaches room temperature.
  • Then, add some yogurt starter (this can be found at most grocery stores) to the pot of cooled down milk and stir the mixture gently for about 3 minutes.
  • Finally, pour the mixture into jars or containers that have been sterilized by boiling them in water for 10 minutes and let them sit overnight at room temperature.

Benefits of Yogurt:

Yogurt is a dairy product that has been consumed for centuries. It is popular in many cultures around the world.

Yogurt contains probiotics that are known to have a positive effect on the gut. Yogurt may also help lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. Yogurt can also be used in cooking as a substitute for sour cream, mayonnaise and cream cheese.

Yogurt has been shown to have many health benefits such as reducing the risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Some studies have even shown that yogurt can reduce the risk of cancer and increase bone strength.

Some people think that yogurt is only good for digestion. But it also has other benefits. Yogurt can help with weight loss, it can improve your mood, and it might even help with your allergies.

Yogurt is a type of food that contains bacteria called lactobacillus. These bacteria are the ones that make yogurt taste sour and give it its distinctive flavor. They also produce lactic acid, which helps to preserve the food and keep it safe to eat for long periods of time without refrigeration.

Yogurt is not only good for digestion but in some cases may be helpful when dealing with weight loss, mood improvement, and allergies as well.

Yogurt is an excellent source of calcium and protein, which are both important for bone health. Yogurt has been shown to reduce the risk for osteoporosis in women, and there are studies showing that yogurt can help build muscle mass in men.

Yogurt contains following nutrients which are very healthy:


The use of probiotics in yogurt is a relatively new concept. However, it has become a popular trend as it is seen as a way to improve gut health and reduce the risk of developing various diseases.

Many people have started to look for ways to incorporate probiotics into their diet. Yogurt is one such product that contains probiotics that can help with the gut bacteria and overall health.

Probiotics are live microorganisms that have been found to have a beneficial effect on human health.

The most common probiotic bacteria are Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. These bacteria produce lactic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid, and other by-products that make the environment hostile for the growth of bad bacteria.


Yogurt is a dairy product that is typically made from milk. It contains calcium, which is necessary for the development and maintenance of healthy bones.

Calcium is an essential mineral that we need to take in every day to maintain our health. This nutrient helps form strong bones and teeth, regulate blood pressure and heart rate, and transmit nerve impulses across the body.

Yogurt can be a good source of calcium because it contains about 300 milligrams per cup (8 ounces).


Lactose is a sugar found in milk and dairy products. It is used to make yogurt, ice cream, and other dairy products.

Lactose intolerance is the inability to digest lactose due to a lack of the enzyme lactase. This can lead to bloating, gas, diarrhea, nausea and stomach cramps. Lactose intolerance can be genetic or environmental.

Some people with lactose intolerance may be able to tolerate yogurt because it has less lactose than other dairy products.

Nutrition of yogurt

Yogurt is a dairy product that is made by fermenting milk with a bacterial culture. Yogurt contains many nutrients such as calcium, protein, and probiotics.

Yogurt can be classified into two categories: Regular yogurt and Greek yogurt.

Regular yogurt typically has more sugar content than Greek yogurt because it has more lactose in it. The fermentation process for regular yogurt takes longer than for Greek yogurt so the sugars have time to break down into lactic acid which gives the regular yogurt its tart flavor and thicker consistency

Regular yogurts are usually higher in fat content than Greek yogurts because they contain less water. In addition to being a rich source of nutrients, yogurt also contains probiotics that can improve digestive health.

When is yogurt unhealthy?

Some yogurts are sweetened artificially (with aspartame, acesulfame potassium, or sucralose) or flavored yogurts which are not healthy.

  • Sugar content is high, and so are the calories
  • Most yogurts are made with artificial sweeteners, which may be worse for you than sugar
  • Some yogurts have a lot of preservatives and food colorings, which can cause weight gain.

Flavored Yogurt

Yogurt is a food that is eaten by many people. It is a dairy product that is made by fermenting milk with bacteria and adding other ingredients. Yogurt can be flavored with different flavors like vanilla, strawberry, banana, chocolate, and many more. Flavored yogurt products are of two types:

  • Plain yogurt with added fruit or other ingredients to make it more flavorful
  • Yogurt that has fruit or other ingredients already mixed into it.

Some examples of flavored yogurt products are: Greek Yogurt, Fage Total 0% Fat Plain Yogurt, Chobani Non-Fat Plain Yogurt, Dannon Light & Fit Vanilla Yogurt, Dannon Light & Fit Greek Yogurt.

Types of yogurt:

There are many type of yogurt such as Greek yogurt, Regular yogurt, Fruit on the bottom/on top yogurt as follows:

1. Greek yogurt

Greek yogurt is a type of yogurt that has been strained to remove the whey. It is thicker, creamier, and richer than traditional yogurts.

It was first developed in 1919 by a Turkish-born scientist named Dr. Alexander Paspali, who was working for the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). He found that when milk is heated and then cooled with some form of bacterial culture, it becomes thicker and more sour than regular milk. This process produces lactic acid which gives it its distinctive tangy taste.

Greek yogurt is high in protein, calcium, and other nutrients.

2. Plain yogurt

Plain yogurt is a dairy product made from milk, which has been fermented by bacteria. It contains a lot of calcium and protein, and can be used in many recipes.

Yogurt is an ancient food that has been around for thousands of years, with some evidence suggesting it was first produced as early as 7000 BC. Cultures all over the world have their own yogurt-making traditions, but the process is generally the same: milk is heated and mixed with starter cultures to make yogurt.

3. Low fat or non-fat yogurt

Yogurt is a healthy and nutritious food, but it can also be high in fat. In order to reduce the fat content of yogurt, many people choose to buy low-fat or non-fat versions. However, there are some health benefits associated with consuming full-fat yogurt.

4. Frozen yogurt

Frozen yogurt is a frozen dessert that is made from yogurt, sugar, and fruit. It is usually eaten as a snack or dessert.

Frozen yogurt can be served with toppings such as fresh fruit, nuts, chocolate chips and other sweets. Frozen yogurt can also be blended with fruits for a smoother texture.

5. Fruit yogurt

Fruit yogurt is a type of yogurt that has fruit as the primary ingredient. It is often made from low-fat milk, but it can also be made from full-fat milk. Fruit yogurt is a popular breakfast item, and it can also be used in cooking and baking.

6. Non-dairy yogurt

Non-dairy yogurt is made from soy, almond, coconut milk, or other plant-based ingredients.

Non-dairy yogurt is a type of yogurt that does not contain dairy milk. It can be made with soy milk, almond milk, or any other plant-based ingredient. Some people like to use non-dairy yogurt as an alternative to dairy yogurt because it doesn’t contain the lactose found in dairy products which can cause digestive issues for some people. Non-dairy yogurts are also lower in fat and calories than traditional yogurts which makes them a healthier option.

Risk Factors

Yogurt is a popular food item that many people consume on a regular basis. This article will discuss the risks of yogurt and how to mitigate them.

The risk of yogurt can be greatly reduced by following some simple steps. Firstly, always check for the expiration date on the container and make sure it is not past the date before eating. Secondly, after opening, store your yogurt in a tightly sealed container in the refrigerator at a temperature below 40 degrees Fahrenheit to keep bacteria from multiplying. Finally, never eat milk that is past its expiration date or has been mishandled.


Yogurt is a dairy product that is made by fermenting milk with various types of bacteria. Yogurt has been around for centuries and it has always been a healthy food that was an important part of the diet of many people.

Yogurt is considered to be one of the most nutritious foods on the planet. It contains high amounts of protein, calcium, potassium and vitamin B-12. It also contains probiotics which are good for digestion.

A single serving of yogurt can contain as much as 10 grams of protein and 5 grams of fiber. These nutrients make yogurt a great option for breakfast or lunch when you want something healthy and filling at the same time.

FAQ’s of Yogurt

Q: What is yogurt?

A: Yogurt is a fermented milk product. It contains live active cultures and bacteria, which are good for the digestive system.

Q: How long does yogurt last?

A: The answer depends on how you store it. For example, if you keep it in the fridge, it will last for 2 weeks after production date; if you keep it at room temperature, it will last for 1 week after production date; if you freeze it, then it will be preserved for up to 6 months after production date.

Q: What is the nutritional content of yogurt?

A: Yogurt is a nutritious food. It is rich in calcium, protein, and vitamin B12.

Q: Can you eat yogurt if you are lactose intolerant?

A: Yes, but you might want to avoid yogurts with live cultures or probiotics.

Q: How do I make yogurt?

A: You can make yogurt at home with some store-bought or homemade ingredients. The most important ingredient to start with is a package of store-bought or homemade yogurt with live active cultures and bacteria, which are good for the digestive system.

Q: Can I eat too much yogurt?

A: Yes, you can eat too much of anything! Eating too much of any food item can have negative health effects on your body. So, it is best to keep your intake moderate and healthy so that you don’t end up eating too much at one time or over time

Q: Do you need to refrigerate yogurt?

A: Yes, always store yogurt in the fridge.

Q: Can yogurt make you fat?

A: Yogurt is a food that many people eat every day and it can be healthy if you have the right kind. However, if you have too much of it, or if you do not get enough exercise to work off all of the calories in your yogurt, then you can become overweight or obese.