Abdominal Pain: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Diagnosis and Diet

Abdominal pain is a common symptom of many health problems. It is the second most common symptom of gastroenteritis, after vomiting. It can also be caused by appendicitis, stomach ulcers, gallstones, pancreatitis, and Crohn’s disease.

Abdominal pain is a symptom of a number of different conditions. The pain may be sharp, dull, cramping, or constant. It may be located in the upper abdomen or lower abdomen and can vary from mild to severe.

It may be due to an infection (such as appendicitis), an injury (such as a hernia), or other medical conditions (such as irritable bowel syndrome).

Abdominal pain is a common symptom of many medical conditions. It can be acute or chronic, and it can also be intermittent.

  • Acute abdominal pain is often the result of a recent injury or infection.
  • Chronic abdominal pain is often the result of an underlying condition such as irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, or pancreatitis.

As you can see abdominal pain can be caused by many different things and it can be difficult to diagnose the cause of the pain.


There are three main types of abdominal pain:

  1. visceral (abdominal organs): Sharp pain (e.g. stabbing), cramping, burning sensation, constant, dull ache and sometimes sharp or generalized pain can occur with visceral pain as well. Often occurs in women during menstruation or miscarriage. Abdominal cramps are often referred to as menstrual cramps but abdominal cramps may also be caused by other things such as infections and inflammation of the intestines (e.g., Crohn’s disease).
  2. Musculoskeletal (muscles, joints, bones): Musculoskeletal Pain-sharp pain that lasts for seconds to minutes and then subsides.
  3. Neurogenic (nerves): Tenderness, swelling, burning sensation, cannot move the affected body part, shooting or numb pain.


The symptoms of abdominal pain are varied and may be attributed to many different causes. The following is a list of the most common symptoms associated with abdominal pain:

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Abdominal tenderness or rigidity
  • Change in bowel habits, such as Diarrhea or constipation
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Pain in the abdomen that radiates to the back
  • Abnormal sensation in the rectum, such as feeling like there is a lump on it or feeling like there is something inside it that shouldn’t be there
  • Painful urination or urinary frequency

The symptoms of abdominal pain vary depending on the cause. The main symptoms are usually a cramping or sharp pain in the abdomen that may be localized to one area or may radiate through the abdomen.

What are the Causes and Treatment for Abdominal Pain?

The causes of abdominal pain are many and varied. The following are some possible causes and treatments for abdominal pain:

  • Infection: Antibiotics may be used to treat the infection.
  • Gastroenteritis: Antidiarrheal medications may help relieve symptoms and prevent dehydration.
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): IBS has no cure but treatment options are available to manage symptoms and improve quality of life.
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): Treatment options for IBD depend on the type of IBD being treated as well as other factors such as severity and duration of symptoms, age, general health and diet.
  • Hepatitis: Hepatitis is a viral infection of the liver that can be treated with medications such as interferon, ribavirin and interleukin.
  • Appendicitis: Appendicitis may be treated with surgical removal of the appendix or with antibiotics to prevent an abscess.
  • Ulcerative Colitis (UC): It is not clear if any particular treatment option is effective in reducing symptoms for UC but treatment options are available to manage symptoms and improve quality of life.
  • Crohn’s Disease: Treatment options for Crohn’s Disease depend on the type of Crohn’s being treated as well as other factors such as severity and duration of symptoms, age, general health and diet.

The other most common causes of abdominal pain include:

  • Indigestion, gas, constipation, or diarrhea
  • Stomach flu or food poisoning
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Pancreatitis
  • Kidney stones
  • Hernia
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Urinary tract infection


Abdominal pain is a common symptom and can be caused by many different problems. The first step in diagnosing abdominal pain is to identify the type of abdominal pain that is being experienced.

Abdominal pain is a common complaint that can have many causes. Diagnosis of abdominal pain requires a thorough medical history and physical examination. Physical examination may also reveal signs of peritonitis or cholecystitis.

A thorough history may lead to a diagnosis of acute appendicitis, chronic pancreatitis, or other conditions, which may include laboratory tests and imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, ultrasounds, and MRI scans. Depending on the suspected cause of the abdominal pain, additional tests may be necessary to confirm or rule out potential diagnoses.

Treatment for abdominal pain will depend on the underlying cause and may include medications, lifestyle changes, or surgery.


Abdominal pain is a common condition that can be caused by a variety of issues, including indigestion, constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome. It’s important to understand what foods may help reduce abdominal pain or even prevent it from occurring in the first place. Eating the right foods can help alleviate abdominal pain and discomfort. Certain foods are known to provide relief from abdominal pain, while others can worsen the symptoms.

There are certain foods that can help ease abdominal pain and provide relief from symptoms such as cramping or bloating. These include:

  • Probiotic-rich foods like yogurt, bananas, oats, applesauce, and ginger.
  • Eating smaller meals throughout the day instead of larger meals may also be beneficial in managing abdominal pain.
  • Starchy vegetables like potatoes, corn, and peas are rich in starch. Starch is a type of indigestible carbohydrate that can help to slow down the movement of food in the digestive system. This may help reduce cramping and bloating as well as some types of abdominal pain.
  • Additionally, avoiding processed and sugary foods may also help to reduce abdominal discomfort.


Abdominal pain is a type of pain that is experienced in the abdomen or stomach. It can be a symptom of a medical condition and it can also be caused by other factors such as stress or indigestion. It can range from mild to severe and can be localized or widespread. Common causes of abdominal pain include gastrointestinal disorders, infections, and inflammation as well as structural abnormalities such as hernias and tumors. Diagnosis of abdominal pain involves physical examination, laboratory tests, imaging studies, and endoscopy. Treatment depends on the underlying cause but may include medications or surgery.