The Rise of Plant-Based Diets: Why More People Are Choosing to Go Vegan?

A plant-based diet is a dietary pattern that emphasizes whole, minimally processed foods derived from plants, such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, and whole grains, while minimizing or eliminating animal products like meat, dairy, and eggs. Plant-based diets are gaining popularity due to their numerous health benefits, as well as their potential to promote sustainability and ethical food practices.

Plant-based diets can be tailored to meet a range of nutritional needs and preferences, from strict vegan diets to more flexible vegetarian or flexitarian diets. With the increasing availability of plant-based food options and growing awareness of the environmental and health benefits of plant-based diets, more and more individuals are making the switch to plant-based eating.

In this article, we’ll explore the reasons behind the rise of plant-based diets and why more people are choosing to go vegan!.


There are several types of plant-based diets, each with varying levels of restriction and inclusion of animal products. Here are some of the most common types:

  1. Vegan Diet: A vegan diet excludes all animal products, including meat, dairy, eggs, and honey. It is a strictly plant-based diet.
  2. Vegetarian Diet: A vegetarian diet excludes meat, but may include other animal products like dairy and eggs.
  3. Lacto-vegetarian Diet: A lacto-vegetarian diet includes dairy products but excludes meat and eggs.
  4. Ovo-vegetarian Diet: An ovo-vegetarian diet includes eggs but excludes meat and dairy products.
  5. Lacto-ovo-vegetarian Diet: A lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet includes both dairy products and eggs, but excludes meat.
  6. Pescatarian Diet: A pescatarian diet includes fish and seafood but excludes meat.
  7. Flexitarian Diet: A flexitarian diet is a mostly plant-based diet that occasionally includes small amounts of meat, dairy, or eggs.

Each type of plant-based diet has its own benefits and drawbacks, and individuals may choose a specific type based on their nutritional needs, ethical or environmental considerations, cultural or religious beliefs, or personal preferences. It is important to ensure that all nutritional needs are met when following a plant-based diet, regardless of the specific type chosen. Consulting with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian can be helpful in ensuring a balanced and healthy plant-based diet.

Why More People Are Choosing to Go Vegan?

Plant-based diets, including veganism, are becoming increasingly popular around the world. People are turning to plant-based diets for a variety of reasons, including:

1. Health Benefits

Plant-based diets have been linked to a wide range of health benefits, which is why they are becoming increasingly popular around the world. Here are some of the key health benefits of plant-based diets:

  1. Lower Risk of Chronic Diseases: Plant-based diets have been associated with a lower risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer. This is because plant-based diets are rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants, which can help protect against chronic diseases.
  2. Better Weight Management: Plant-based diets are typically lower in calories and higher in fiber than diets that include animal products. This can help with weight management and reduce the risk of obesity.
  3. Improved Gut Health: Plant-based diets are rich in fiber, which is essential for a healthy gut. A healthy gut microbiome can reduce the risk of digestive disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome, and improve overall digestive health.
  4. Lower Blood Pressure: Plant-based diets have been shown to reduce blood pressure in individuals with hypertension, reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke.
  5. Better Cognitive Function: Plant-based diets have been linked to improved cognitive function, including memory and processing speed. This may be due to the anti-inflammatory properties of plant-based foods.
  6. Improved Energy Levels: Plant-based diets are rich in complex carbohydrates, which provide sustained energy throughout the day. This can lead to improved energy levels and reduced fatigue.
  7. Better Skin Health: Plant-based diets are rich in vitamins and minerals that are essential for healthy skin, such as vitamin C and E. This can lead to better skin health, including improved skin elasticity and a reduced risk of skin aging.

By incorporating more plant-based foods into your diet, you can improve your overall health and well-being.

2. Environmental Concerns

Environmental concerns are one of the primary reasons people are turning to plant-based diets. Animal agriculture has a significant impact on the environment, and plant-based diets offer a more sustainable and environmentally friendly alternative. Here are some of the key environmental concerns of animal agriculture and the benefits of plant-based diets:

  1. Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Animal agriculture is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, which contribute to climate change. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, animal agriculture is responsible for around 14.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Plant-based diets have a much lower carbon footprint, as they require less land, water, and energy to produce.
  2. Land Use: Animal agriculture requires a significant amount of land to raise livestock and grow feed crops. This can lead to deforestation, habitat destruction, and soil erosion. In contrast, plant-based diets require less land and can help reduce the pressure on natural ecosystems.
  3. Water Use: Animal agriculture is a significant consumer of water, with some estimates suggesting that it takes up to 15,000 liters of water to produce 1 kilogram of beef. Plant-based diets require significantly less water, as plants require less water to grow than animals.
  4. Water Pollution: Animal agriculture is a significant contributor to water pollution, as the waste products from livestock can contaminate waterways and harm aquatic ecosystems. Plant-based diets can help reduce water pollution by reducing the amount of waste produced by livestock.
  5. Biodiversity Loss: Animal agriculture can lead to biodiversity loss, as habitat destruction and ecosystem degradation can harm native plant and animal species. Plant-based diets can help protect biodiversity by reducing the pressure on natural ecosystems and preserving habitats for wildlife.

In conclusion, plant-based diets offer a more sustainable and environmentally friendly alternative to animal agriculture. Plant-based diets can help mitigate the impact of human activities on the environment. By choosing plant-based diets, individuals can take a stand against environmental degradation and support more sustainable and ethical forms of agriculture.

3. Ethical Considerations

Plant-based diets are often chosen for ethical reasons, as many people are concerned about the treatment of animals in the food industry. Here are some of the key ethical considerations of plant-based diets:

  1. Animal Welfare: Animal agriculture can involve the mistreatment of animals, including cramped living conditions, lack of access to the outdoors, and inhumane slaughtering practices. By choosing plant-based diets, individuals can reduce the demand for animal products and support more ethical farming practices.
  2. Environmental Ethics: The environmental impacts of animal agriculture can also be considered ethical concerns, as they can harm natural ecosystems and contribute to climate change. By choosing plant-based diets, individuals can support more sustainable and environmentally friendly food production practices.
  3. Health Ethics: The health benefits of plant-based diets can also be considered ethical concerns, as they can help reduce the risk of chronic diseases and promote overall health and wellbeing. By choosing plant-based diets, individuals can take responsibility for their own health and reduce the burden on healthcare systems.
  4. Global Justice: The demand for animal products can also have global ethical implications, as it can contribute to food insecurity and unequal distribution of resources. By choosing plant-based diets, individuals can support more equitable food systems and reduce the demand for resource-intensive animal agriculture.
  5. Cultural Considerations: Finally, cultural considerations can also be important ethical factors in plant-based diets. Many cultures have long-standing traditions and beliefs around food, and it can be challenging to navigate these when adopting a plant-based diet. It is important to respect cultural diversity while also promoting more ethical and sustainable food practices.

By choosing plant-based diets, individuals can take a stand against unethical food production practices and support more sustainable and ethical forms of agriculture.

4. Increasingly Accessibility

Plant-based diets are becoming increasingly popular, and there are many initiatives underway to increase their accessibility. Here are some of the key ways in which plant-based diets are becoming more accessible:

  1. Availability of Plant-Based Foods: One of the primary ways in which plant-based diets are becoming more accessible is through the availability of plant-based food options. Grocery stores, restaurants, and food delivery services are all expanding their plant-based offerings, making it easier for consumers to choose plant-based foods.
  2. Price of Plant-Based Foods: Another key factor in the accessibility of plant-based diets is the price of plant-based foods. Historically, plant-based foods have been more expensive than animal-based foods, making them less accessible to lower-income individuals. However, as demand for plant-based foods has increased, prices have started to come down, making them more accessible to a wider range of consumers.
  3. Education and Awareness: Education and awareness campaigns can also help increase the accessibility of plant-based diets. By raising awareness of the benefits of plant-based diets and providing resources and information on how to adopt a plant-based lifestyle, individuals can make more informed decisions about their diets and feel more confident in their ability to make the switch.
  4. Food Policies: Food policies can also play a role in increasing the accessibility of plant-based diets. For example, schools, hospitals, and other institutions can promote plant-based options by offering them in their menus or making them more prominent in food service areas.
  5. Community Support: Finally, community support can be a key factor in the accessibility of plant-based diets. By creating communities of like-minded individuals who support and encourage each other in adopting plant-based lifestyles, individuals can feel more empowered and motivated to make the switch.

As more people adopt plant-based diets, it is likely that the accessibility and availability of plant-based foods will continue to increase, making it easier for individuals to make more ethical, sustainable, and healthy food choices.

What are the Drawbacks of Plant-Based Diets?

While plant-based diets have many health benefits, there are also some potential drawbacks to consider:

  • Nutrient Deficiencies: Plant-based diets may be low in certain nutrients that are commonly found in animal products, such as vitamin B12, iron, calcium, and omega-3 fatty acids. It is important for vegans and vegetarians to ensure they are getting enough of these nutrients through fortified foods or supplements.
  • Increased Meal Preparation Time: Plant-based diets may require more meal planning and preparation time, as many convenience foods are often animal-based. This can be challenging for those with busy schedules or limited cooking skills.
  • Social Challenges: Plant-based diets may be difficult to maintain in social situations, such as dining out or attending events where animal-based foods are the norm. This can lead to feelings of isolation or exclusion.
  • Potential for Disordered Eating: Some individuals may use a plant-based diet as a way to restrict food intake or control weight, which can lead to disordered eating patterns.
  • Expense: Plant-based diets may be more expensive than a typical omnivorous diet, especially if relying on specialty foods or supplements.

It is important to weigh these potential drawbacks against the numerous health and environmental benefits of plant-based diets, and to work with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian to ensure a balanced and healthy diet.


Plant-based diets are diets that primarily consist of foods derived from plants, including fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds. These diets have become increasingly popular in recent years due to their numerous health benefits, including reducing the risk of chronic diseases. Plant-based diets are also environmentally sustainable, as they can reduce the impact of animal agriculture on deforestation, water pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions.

While there are some potential drawbacks to plant-based diets, such as nutrient deficiencies or increased meal preparation time, these can be managed through careful planning and consultation with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian. Overall, plant-based diets can provide numerous benefits for health, the environment, and ethical concerns related to animal welfare.